Perhaps not among the representatives of the Belarusian "underwater fauna" more restless fish than bleak. Constantly engaged in finding food, it all daylight hours continuously scurries over the pond, bravely "attacking" fishing hooks with bait. For this and other reasons, which are discussed below, it is unlikely there are anglers who have not had to deal with bleak. However, in the fishing environment for some reason there is a perception that catching ukleyu - a lot of beginners. Allow me to disagree. Bleak, of course, is a kind of training in fish, but it has other qualities worthy of attention. For example, flavor. Did you know that meat is bleak for fat content (12%) greater than the meat "of the famous" bream. Fried or dried bleak obtained such that simply Yum. Add to this an indispensable when fishing for bait fish many fish, especially asp, chub and perch, as well as the fact that the ukleechnom pond angler will hardly miss, bleak and you will find very attractive prey.
One kind of fearsome predator is admired his natural strength and beauty. And the open jaws of a large copy of a framed fangs and studded with needle-like teeth brushing, have been driven into the mouth than that remotely resembles a wolf. Pike - an ardent individualist. Having reached a certain age, it takes in a concrete pond place and develops its own territory. Best prospective areas of the reservoir occupied more adult fish, so juvenile pike settles in the coastal strip. She usually chooses a place near the reeds. A natural shelter for the pike are snags or herbaceous vegetation. The concentration at the site is quite large, but usually average weight of each representative does not exceed 600grammov. Pike typing your desired weight, tend to settle in places of deep zakoryazhennyh, eyebrows flooded gully pits with weak currents. The deep pike grow these giants weighing up to 10 kg. or more. Pike often attacking from their usual hiding places, arranging an ambush there. It can suddenly attack their prey in the same anywhere in the territory.
The representative of the carp family are widely distributed in the waters of Europe, from the Rhone in France, to the Emba River in Western Siberia. Ukleya not only in Scotland and the north of Sweden, and in the basins of the rivers Po and Danube, as well as in the Caucasus is a subspecies. In Belarus, it is widespread and almost all bodies of water, but is tied to specific habitats. Usually it's rivers, reservoirs and lakes of. In rivers bleak found in the upper reaches of the rapid current, where adheres small stretches, coves, and in the lower reaches of large lowland rivers, where there is concentrated in certain areas, and distributed over the entire area. In reservoirs and lakes bleak adheres to places with a gentle current. In all water bodies are most often it can be found at the surface of the water, in the autumn of schools of fish descend deeper. The look bleak familiar to everyone, so stop here will not. We can only say that the fish got its name thanks to the small shiny scales, which is weakly held on the skin and stick to your hands - ukleivaet them.
Bleak - not a big fish. Maximum fixed ichthyological literature its length - 17.2 cm Although it is possible that the catches anglers may occur instances and bigger. This fish lives long - up to 5-6 years, and puberty she begins already in the second year of life. Bleak active in the warm season, when the temperature of the upper layers of water above 7.5 degrees. Year-round activity of this kind takes place only in the clear warm water - sewerage systems, waste water CHP. Peak activity bleak comes at a time when the temperature of the reservoir above 12-14 ° C during the active period of two isolated peaks of intensive feeding - spawning a Jordan (late April - mid May) and predzimovochny zhor (late July - early August). Feeding in these bleak times, mostly falling into the water by air insects, less plankton and fish fingerlings. Bleak autumn leaves on the wintering grounds - the deep river bed pits, where collects in large flocks, and remains in an inactive state until the spring. Many waters can be a good idea to catch the ice before melting.
Anglers who are often faced with bleak, aware of its characteristics "roam" over the pond in packs. However, most often, anglers mistaken for one large flock, some small, consisting of 20-50 fish of about the same age and size. These flocks are always kept close enough to each other. In the spring, usually in mid-May, when the water temperature in the pond warms up to 15 °, bleak going into one spawning a flock. Spawning grounds in the river bed are the areas with slow flow: the edges of channel wells, dump the small coves below the cliffs. Of lakes and reservoirs for spawning fish goes to the areas with the passage: in the mouth of the inflowing rivers, tributaries and even small streams. Spawning continental bleak: the producers of up to 5 times may be suitable for spawning. A female lays about 3840 eggs maximum length of the fish at 10.5 cm and weight of 18 g.
As one of the most popular of sports fishing, bleak for some time and has been the subject of fishing gear. In the 50-70s of XX century in the waters of Belarus its way to the mining industry, especially in large lakes and lake systems - Braslavskaya and Narochanskaya. For example, in 1960, was registered record catch bleak - 17.8 tons, amounting to 6.2% of all fish caught in the Byelorussian SSR. However, 20 years after this event, commercial fishing has been rolled bleak. The reason for this was the introduction in 1981 in the Red Book of the Byelorussian SSR whitefish, which was carried out ukleynym fishing seine. Although whitefish was soon withdrawn from the protection, fishing bleak, we are no longer reborn.
Pay close attention to her only fishermen. Catch bleak mainly float rod, fly less frequently and, as an exception, ultralight spinning reel. Float tackle is used in all types of water bodies and, basically, when fishing from the shore. Fishing rod for catching bleak need to take possible light, the fishing line is thinner (0.08-0.1 mm) and a smaller hook - 18-22 number. It is best justified the use of equipment for the deaf Poles. Weights should be positioned evenly throughout the fishing line to snap immersion "planned" in the water. By the way, some are caught bleak without any cargo.
On the river ukleyu better catch in the wiring. Good use 2 leash under different heads (eg bloodworms on the bottom hook and the dough on top.) When fishing on the river allowed attachments to be the best flies and other flying insects are the appropriate size. The main thing is that they are alive. To limit the movement of the flies, sorry for the details, it can tear the head (as such insect can live for about a day, but it is not able to fly).
And yet, despite the fact that the fly is the best bait for catching bleak, anglers prefer her maggots, more versatile and easier extracted nozzle. Then followed by the degree of catchability piece worm and bloodworm. So much for the animal baits. From the same plant are the best batter and pearl barley, cooked with lard, poultry offal or vegetable oil. In addition, justifies the use of aromatic additives - attractants.
To keep the displacements detected by the characteristic spikes pack nursing bleak, use bait. From the most simple and affordable option it is possible to propose the following recipe. Brewed thick semolina porridge with milk, to which is added the dried and crumbled to pieces of different size vanilla biscuits. Prikormochnoy mass partially sinks, forming a hanging in the water plume from pieces of dried bread, semolina and milk dissolved. Large fragments of the same bait float on the surface of the water and also attract fish.
When fishing for bleak possible to use artificial baits: various plastic insects, and foam balls. That's just their use is limited to periods of Jora bleak. When fishing with artificial lures, including on the Fly flies, the angler must show a rapid response as fish, recognizing inedibility trapped in the mouth of the object, it instantly spits out. And yet - be bleak sweeps jewelry, so as not to damage the weak lips fish. Fly bleak better catch in lakes and reservoirs. For example, many Ming nahlystoviki trained in the same business Tsna reservoir.
Paradoxical as it sounds, but the catch is very bleak, and can be successfully spinning. This gear is used at the end of the summer, when the fingerlings grow. Designated fishing - bay and estuary on the oxbow rivers. At this time, on the edge of standing water actively hunt young perch and pike. They often hurt the young of the year, not eating them. For large predators do bleak, attracted by the smell of blood and the movements of the fish fry. Spinningists in this case, do the following: take a small spoon in silver or copper color (size petal - 00, 0) with a miniature T-piece and, after the cast, under the surface of water make a smooth slow the wiring through the hunting place bleak. Cutting is when biting is not required, as the fish in most cases intersect itself at the first attack. The success of such fishing is largely dependent on the rod. It should be weighted with test 1, and preferably from 0g.
In addition to all of the above, bleak is also interesting in that it is one of the few species of fish living in Belarus, which practically did not change his way of life, habitats in the pond and has undergone the least anthropogenic pressure. The number of bleak remains stable, despite a large number of enemies and interest from anglers. Behind it is not necessary to go into "Tmutarakan", and you can catch what is called a near by.